Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Short Term Analgesic Effects of 5% Dextrose Epidural Injections for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Liza Maniquis-Smigel 1 , Kenneth Dean Reeves 2 , * , Howard Jeffrey Rosen 3 , John Lyftogt 4 , Cassie Graham-Coleman 5 , An-Lin Cheng 6 and David Rabago 7
Authors Information
1 Private Practice PM&R and Pain Management, Hilo and Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A
2 Private Practice PM&R and Pain Management, Roeland Park, Kansas, Past Clinical Assistant/Associate Professor (1986-2015) University of Kansas Department of PM&R, Kansas City, Kansas
3 Private Practice Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Anaheim and Monterey, California, U.S.A
4 Christchurch, New Zealand
5 P.O. Box 351, Kurtistown, HI 96760
6 Department of Biomedical and Health Informatics, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, 2411 Holmes Street, Kansas City, MO, 64108
7 Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 1100 Delaplaine Court, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S A. 53715
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: February 2017, 7 (1); e42550
  • Published Online: December 6, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 25, 2016
  • Revised: November 9, 2016
  • Accepted: November 25, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.42550

To Cite: Maniquis-Smigel L, Dean Reeves K, Jeffrey Rosen H, Lyftogt J, Graham-Coleman C, et al. Short Term Analgesic Effects of 5% Dextrose Epidural Injections for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Anesth Pain Med. 2017 ; 7(1):e42550. doi: 10.5812/aapm.42550.

Copyright © 2016, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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