Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Prolotherapy and Low Level Laser Therapy: A Synergistic Approach to Pain Management in Chronic Osteoarthritis

Vinicius Tieppo Francio 1 , 2 , 3 , * , Robert S Dima 4 , Chris Towery 1 and Saeid Davani 1
Authors Information
1 University of Science, Arts and Technology - USAT College of Medicine, Olveston, Montserrat, BWI
2 Essential Integrative Health - Spine, Orthopaedics and Pain Management, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
3 Variety Care - Community Health Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
4 School of Interdisciplinary Sciences - McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: October 2017, 7 (5); e14470
  • Published Online: October 15, 2017
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: January 17, 2017
  • Revised: June 2, 2017
  • Accepted: October 9, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.14470

To Cite: Tieppo Francio V, Dima R S, Towery C, Davani S. Prolotherapy and Low Level Laser Therapy: A Synergistic Approach to Pain Management in Chronic Osteoarthritis, Anesth Pain Med. 2017 ; 7(5):e14470. doi: 10.5812/aapm.14470.

Copyright © 2017, Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Discussion
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