Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

The maternal and neonatal effects of adding tramadol to 2% lidocaine in epidural anesthesia for cesarean section

Farnad Imani 1 , Saeid Reza Entezary 1 , * , Mahmoud Reza Alebouyeh 1 and Suzan Parhizgar 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Rasoul-Akram Medical Center, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Department of Anesthesiology, Texas Tech University, Health Science Center, Lubbock, Texas, USA
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: July 1, 2011, 1 (1); 25-29
  • Published Online: July 1, 2011
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 5, 2011
  • Revised: May 12, 2011
  • Accepted: May 16, 2011
  • DOI: 10.5812/kowsar.22287523.1271

To Cite: Imani F, Entezary S R, Alebouyeh M R, Parhizgar S. The maternal and neonatal effects of adding tramadol to 2% lidocaine in epidural anesthesia for cesarean section, Anesth Pain Med. 2011 ; 1(1):25-29. doi: 10.5812/kowsar.22287523.1271.

Copyright © 2011, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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