Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Epidural Tramadol, is it a Good Option for Cesarean Section?

Luciana de Souza Cota Carvalho 1 , *
Author Information
1 Unifenas University of Medical Sciences, Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: September 23, 2011, 1 (2); 111-112
  • Published Online: September 26, 2011
  • Article Type: Letter
  • Received: August 16, 2011
  • Revised: August 19, 2011
  • Accepted: August 23, 2011
  • DOI: 10.5812/kowsar.22287523.2105

To Cite: Carvalho L D S C. Epidural Tramadol, is it a Good Option for Cesarean Section?, Anesth Pain Med. 2011 ; 1(2):111-112. doi: 10.5812/kowsar.22287523.2105.

Copyright © 2011, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1. Imani F, Entezary SR, Alebouyeh MR, Parhizgar S. The maternal and neonatal effects of adding tramadol to 2% lidocaine in epidural anesthesia for cesarean section. Anesth Pain. 2011; 1(1): 25-9[DOI]
  • 2. Hawkins JL, Koonin LM, Palmer SK, Gibbs CP. Anesthesia-related deaths during obstetric delivery in the United States, 1979-1990. Anesthesiology. 1997; 86(2): 277-84[PubMed]
  • 3. Stamer U, Wulf H. Complications of obstetric anaesthesia. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2001; 14(3): 317-22[PubMed]
  • 4. Goldszmidt E. Principles and practices of obstetric airway management. Anesthesiol Clin. 2008; 26(1): 109-25, vii[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Halpern S, Preston R. Postdural puncture headache and spinal needle design. Metaanalyses. Anesthesiology. 1994; 81(6): 1376-83[PubMed]
  • 6. Riley ET, Cohen SE, Macario A, Desai JB, Ratner EF. Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications. Anesth Analg. 1995; 80(4): 709-12[PubMed]
  • 7. Frikha N, Ellachtar M, Mebazaa MS, Ben Ammar MS. Combined spinal-epidural analgesia in labor--comparison of sufentanil vs tramadol. Middle East J Anesthesiol. 2007; 19(1): 87-96[PubMed]
  • 8. Chakraborty S, Chakrabarti J, Bhattacharya D. Intrathecal tramadol added to bupivacaine as spinal anesthetic increases analgesic effect of the spinal blockade after major gynecological surgeries. Indian J Pharmacol. 2008; 40(4): 180-2[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Chau-in W, Hintong T, Rodanant O, Lekprasert V, Punjasawadwong Y, Charuluxananan S, et al. Anesthesia-related complications of caesarean delivery in Thailand: 16,697 cases from the Thai Anaesthesia Incidents Study. J Med Assoc Thai. 2010; 93(11): 1274-83[PubMed]
  • 10. Demiraran Y, Kocaman B, Akman RY. A comparison of the postoperative analgesic efficacy of single-dose epidural tramadol versus morphine in children. Br J Anaesth. 2005; 95(4): 510-3[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments