Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Caudal Additives Do Not Improve the Analgesia Afforded by Levobupivacaine After Hypospadias Repair

Kay Davies 1 , Graham Wilson 1 and Thomas Engelhardt 1 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Anesthesia, Royal Aberdeen Children’s Hospital, Aberdeen, UK
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: January 1, 2012, 1 (3); 174-177
  • Published Online: January 1, 2012
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: October 8, 2011
  • Revised: November 11, 2011
  • Accepted: November 13, 2011
  • DOI: 10.5812/kowsar.22287523.2629

To Cite: Davies K, Wilson G, Engelhardt T. Caudal Additives Do Not Improve the Analgesia Afforded by Levobupivacaine After Hypospadias Repair, Anesth Pain Med. 2012 ; 1(3):174-177. doi: 10.5812/kowsar.22287523.2629.

Copyright © 2012, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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