Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Analgesic Effects of Intravenous Ketamine during Spinal Anesthesia in Pregnant Women Undergone Caesarean Section; A Randomized Clinical Trial

Shekoufeh Behdad 1 , Mohammad Reza Hajiesmaeili 2 , * , Hamid Reza Abbasi 1 , Vida Ayatollahi 1 , Zahra khadiv 3 and Alireza Sedaghat 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Anesthesiology, Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran
2 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Rasoul Akram Medical Center, Iran University of medical sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran
3 Pain Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: September 26, 2013, 3 (2); 230-3
  • Published Online: September 1, 2013
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 7, 2012
  • Revised: October 11, 2012
  • Accepted: June 20, 2013
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.7034

To Cite: Behdad S, Hajiesmaeili M R, Abbasi H R, Ayatollahi V, khadiv Z, et al. Analgesic Effects of Intravenous Ketamine during Spinal Anesthesia in Pregnant Women Undergone Caesarean Section; A Randomized Clinical Trial, Anesth Pain Med. 2013 ; 3(2):230-3. doi: 10.5812/aapm.7034.

Copyright © 2013, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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