Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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Comparison of the Effects of Pre-Anesthetic Administration of Normal Saline, Ringer and Voluven on the Spread of Sensory Block With Hyperbaric Bupivacaine Spinal Anesthesia

Elham Memary 1 , Alireza Mirkheshti 1 , * , Morteza Jabbari Mogddam 1 , Dariush Abtahi 1 , Mehdi Yaseri 2 and Farnaz Kamali 1
Authors Information
1 Anesthesiology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: May 01, 2014, 4 (2); e17939
  • Published Online: May 12, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: January 31, 2014
  • Revised: March 7, 2014
  • Accepted: April 1, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.17939

To Cite: Memary E, Mirkheshti A, Jabbari Mogddam M, Abtahi D, Yaseri M, et al. Comparison of the Effects of Pre-Anesthetic Administration of Normal Saline, Ringer and Voluven on the Spread of Sensory Block With Hyperbaric Bupivacaine Spinal Anesthesia, Anesth Pain Med. 2014 ; 4(2):e17939. doi: 10.5812/aapm.17939.

Copyright © 2014, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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