Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

The Effect of Magnesium Sulfate on Motor and Sensory Axillary Plexus Blockade

Mohammad Haghighi 1 , Mehran Soleymanha 2 , Abbas Sedighinejad 1 , Ahmadreza Mirbolook 2 , * , Bahram Naderi Nabi 1 , Mehdi Rahmati 3 and Nasim Ashoori Saheli 1
Authors Information
1 Anesthesiology Research Centre, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2 Orthopedic Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3 Anesthesiology Department, Intensive Care Unit Ward , Erfan Private Hospital, Rasht, Iran
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: March 2, 2015, 5 (1); e21943
  • Published Online: February 1, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 11, 2014
  • Revised: October 21, 2014
  • Accepted: November 26, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.21943

To Cite: Haghighi M, Soleymanha M, Sedighinejad A, Mirbolook A, Naderi Nabi B, et al. The Effect of Magnesium Sulfate on Motor and Sensory Axillary Plexus Blockade, Anesth Pain Med. 2015 ; 5(1):e21943. doi: 10.5812/aapm.21943.

Copyright © 2015, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Kroin JS, McCarthy RJ, Von Roenn N, Schwab B, Tuman KJ, Ivankovich AD. Magnesium sulfate potentiates morphine antinociception at the spinal level. Anesth Analg. 2000; 90(4): 913-7[PubMed]
  • 2. Mesbah Kiaee M, Safari S, Movaseghi GR, Mohaghegh Dolatabadi MR, Ghorbanlo M, Etemadi M, et al. The effect of intravenous magnesium sulfate and lidocaine in hemodynamic responses to endotracheal intubation in elective coronary artery bypass grafting: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Anesth Pain Med. 2014; 4(3)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Choi IG, Choi YS, Kim YH, Min JH, Chae YK, Lee YK, et al. The Effects of Postoperative Brachial Plexus Block Using MgSO(4) on the Postoperative Pain after Upper Extremity Surgery. Korean J Pain. 2011; 24(3): 158-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Buvanendran A, McCarthy RJ, Kroin JS, Leong W, Perry P, Tuman KJ. Intrathecal magnesium prolongs fentanyl analgesia: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Anesth Analg. 2002; 95(3): 661-6[PubMed]
  • 5. Gunduz A, Bilir A, Gulec S. Magnesium added to prilocaine prolongs the duration of axillary plexus block. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2006; 31(3): 233-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Apan A, Buyukkocak U, Ozcan S, Sari E, Basar H. Postoperative magnesium sulphate infusion reduces analgesic requirements in spinal anaesthesia. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2004; 21(10): 766-9[PubMed]
  • 7. Dabbagh A, Elyasi H, Razavi SS, Fathi M, Rajaei S. Intravenous magnesium sulfate for post-operative pain in patients undergoing lower limb orthopedic surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2009; 53(8): 1088-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Mirkheshti A, Aryani MR, Shojaei P, Dabbagh A. The Effect of Adding Magnesium Sulfate to Lidocaine Compared with Paracetamol in Prevention of Acute Pain in Hand Surgery Patients Under Intravenous Regional Anesthesia (IVRA). Int J Prev Med. 2012; 3(9): 616-21[PubMed]
  • 9. Ozalevli M, Cetin TO, Unlugenc H, Guler T, Isik G. The effect of adding intrathecal magnesium sulphate to bupivacaine-fentanyl spinal anaesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2005; 49(10): 1514-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Elsharnouby NM, Eid HE, Abou Elezz NF, Moharram AN. Intraarticular injection of magnesium sulphate and/or bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia after arthroscopic knee surgery. Anesth Analg. 2008; 106(5): 1548-52[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Arcioni R, Palmisani S, Tigano S, Santorsola C, Sauli V, Romano S, et al. Combined intrathecal and epidural magnesium sulfate supplementation of spinal anesthesia to reduce post-operative analgesic requirements: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2007; 51(4): 482-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. El-Kerdawy H. Analgesic requirements for patients undergoing lower extremity orthopedic surgery--the effect of combined spinal and epidural magnesium. Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2008; 19(5): 1013-25[PubMed]
  • 13. Narang S, Dali JS, Agarwal M, Garg R. Evaluation of the efficacy of magnesium sulphate as an adjuvant to lignocaine for intravenous regional anaesthesia for upper limb surgery. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2008; 36(6): 840-4[PubMed]
  • 14. Abdelfatah AM, Elshaer AN. The effect of adding magnesium sulfate to lidocaine in an interscalene plexus block for shoulder arthroscopic acromioplasty. Ain-Shams J Anaesthesiol. 2014; 7: 59-64
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments