Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Levobupivacaine for Spinal Anesthesia in Children: Cerebrospinal Fluid Aspiration Before the Injection Does not Affect the Spread or Duration of the Sensory Block

Merja Kokki 1 , 2 , * , Marja Heikkinen 3 , Elina Kumpulainen 2 , Aura Vähäoja 2 and Hannu Kokki 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Anesthesia and Operative Services, Kuopio University Hospital, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
2 Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, School of Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
3 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kuopio University Hospital, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: June 01, 2016, 6 (3); e33815
  • Published Online: April 27, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: December 2, 2015
  • Revised: March 5, 2016
  • Accepted: April 4, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.33815

To Cite: Kokki M, Heikkinen M, Kumpulainen E, Vähäoja A, Kokki H. Levobupivacaine for Spinal Anesthesia in Children: Cerebrospinal Fluid Aspiration Before the Injection Does not Affect the Spread or Duration of the Sensory Block, Anesth Pain Med. 2016 ; 6(3):e33815. doi: 10.5812/aapm.33815.

Abstract
Copyright © 2016, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Footnote
References
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