Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Ice Reduces Needle-Stick Pain Associated With Local Anesthetic Injection

Babak Mahshidfar 1 , Salimeh Cheraghi Shevi 1 , Mohsen Abbasi 1 , Mohammad Hosseini Kasnavieh 1 , Mahdi Rezai 2 , Mina Zavereh 1 and Reza Mosaddegh 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Emergency Medicine Management Research Center, Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Emergency Department, Firoozgar Hospital, Emergency Medicine Management Research Center, Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: October 01, 2016, 6 (5); e38293
  • Published Online: July 25, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: April 18, 2016
  • Revised: June 4, 2016
  • Accepted: June 25, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.38293

To Cite: Mahshidfar B, Cheraghi Shevi S, Abbasi M, Kasnavieh M H, Rezai M, et al. Ice Reduces Needle-Stick Pain Associated With Local Anesthetic Injection, Anesth Pain Med. 2016 ; 6(5):e38293. doi: 10.5812/aapm.38293.

Abstract
Copyright © 2016, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Footnote
References
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