Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Magnesium and Ketamine Gargle and Postoperative Sore Throat

Houman Teymourian 1 , * , Seyed Amir Mohajerani 1 and Alireza Farahbod 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Anesthesiology, Shohada Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: June 01, 2015, 5 (3); e22367
  • Published Online: June 22, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 16, 2014
  • Revised: December 16, 2014
  • Accepted: December 25, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.5(3)2015.22367

To Cite: Teymourian H, Mohajerani S A, Farahbod A. Magnesium and Ketamine Gargle and Postoperative Sore Throat, Anesth Pain Med. 2015 ; 5(3):e22367. doi: 10.5812/aapm.5(3)2015.22367.

Copyright © 2015, Iranian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ISRAPM). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Jensen PJ, Hommelgaard P, Sondergaard P, Eriksen S. Sore throat after operation: influence of tracheal intubation, intracuff pressure and type of cuff. Br J Anaesth. 1982; 54(4): 453-7[PubMed]
  • 2. Chandler M. Tracheal intubation and sore throat: a mechanical explanation. Anaesthesia. 2002; 57(2): 155-61[PubMed]
  • 3. Jaensson M, Gupta A, Nilsson UG. Gender differences in risk factors for airway symptoms following tracheal intubation. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2012; 56(10): 1306-13[PubMed]
  • 4. McHardy FE, Chung F. Postoperative sore throat: cause, prevention and treatment. Anaesthesia. 1999; 54(5): 444-53[PubMed]
  • 5. Porter NE, Sidou V, Husson J. Postoperative sore throat: incidence and severity after the use of lidocaine, saline, or air to inflate the endotracheal tube cuff. AANA J. 1999; 67(1): 49-52[PubMed]
  • 6. Solatpour F, Teymourian H, Mohajerani SA, Hoseinzadegan Shirazi F, Lotfollah Zadeh S, Baikpour M, et al. Comparison of the incidence of sore throat after rapid sequence intubation with succinylcholine and cisatracurium. Anesth Pain Med. 2014; 4(3)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Tanaka Y, Nakayama T, Nishimori M, Sato Y, Furuya H. Lidocaine for preventing postoperative sore throat. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009; (3)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Kalil DM, Silvestro LS, Austin PN. Novel preoperative pharmacologic methods of preventing postoperative sore throat due to tracheal intubation. AANA J. 2014; 82(3): 188-97[PubMed]
  • 9. Canbay O, Celebi N, Sahin A, Celiker V, Ozgen S, Aypar U. Ketamine gargle for attenuating postoperative sore throat. Br J Anaesth. 2008; 100(4): 490-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Shrestha SK, Bhattarai B, Singh J. Ketamine gargling and postoperative sore throat. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2010; 50(180): 282-5[PubMed]
  • 11. Rudra A, Ray S, Chatterjee S, Ahmed A, Ghosh S. Gargling with ketamine attenuates the postoperative sore throat. Indian J Anaesth. 2009; 53(1): 40-3[PubMed]
  • 12. Dahi-Taleghani M, Fazli B, Ghasemi M, Vosoughian M, Dabbagh A. Effect of intravenous patient controlled ketamine analgesiaon postoperative pain in opium abusers. Anesth Pain Med. 2014; 4(1)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Imani F, Faiz HR, Sedaghat M, Hajiashrafi M. Effects of adding ketamine to fentanyl plus acetaminophen on postoperative pain by patient controlled analgesia in abdominal surgery. Anesth Pain Med. 2014; 4(1)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Shaaban AR, Kamal SM. Comparison between betamethasone gel applied over endotracheal tube and ketamine gargle for attenuating postoperative sore throat, cough and hoarseness of voice. Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2012; 21(4): 513-9[PubMed]
  • 15. Borazan H, Kececioglu A, Okesli S, Otelcioglu S. Oral magnesium lozenge reduces postoperative sore throat: a randomized, prospective, placebo-controlled study. Anesthesiology. 2012; 117(3): 512-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Stenqvist O, Nilsson K. Postoperative sore throat related to tracheal tube cuff design. Can Anaesth Soc J. 1982; 29(4): 384-6[PubMed]
  • 17. Moiniche S, Kehlet H, Dahl JB. A qualitative and quantitative systematic review of preemptive analgesia for postoperative pain relief: the role of timing of analgesia. Anesthesiology. 2002; 96(3): 725-41[PubMed]
  • 18. Maruyama K, Sakai H, Miyazawa H, Toda N, Iinuma Y, Mochizuki N, et al. Sore throat and hoarseness after total intravenous anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth. 2004; 92(4): 541-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Park SY, Kim SH, Noh JI, Lee SM, Kim MG, Kim SH, et al. The effect of intravenous low dose ketamine for reducing postoperative sore throat. Korean J Anesthesiol. 2010; 59(1): 22-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Piriyapatsom A, Dej-Arkom S, Chinachoti T, Rakkarnngan J, Srishewachart P. Postoperative sore throat: incidence, risk factors, and outcome. J Med Assoc Thai. 2013; 96(8): 936-42[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments