Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

The Relationship between Arterial and Central Venous Blood Gases Values in Patients Undergoing Mechanical Ventilation after Cardiac Surgery

Mohammadamin Valizad Hassanloei 1 , Alireza Mahoori 1 , Nazli Karami 1 , * and Venus Sina 1
Authors Information
1 Anesthesiology Department of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: 8 (3); e74243
  • Published Online: June 23, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 3, 2018
  • Revised: June 8, 2018
  • Accepted: June 11, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.74243

To Cite: Valizad Hassanloei M, Mahoori A, Karami N, Sina V. The Relationship between Arterial and Central Venous Blood Gases Values in Patients Undergoing Mechanical Ventilation after Cardiac Surgery, Anesth Pain Med. Online ahead of Print ; 8(3):e74243. doi: 10.5812/aapm.74243.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Chitilian HV, Kaczka D, Vidalmelo MF. Respiratory Monitoring. In: Miller RD, editor. Miller's Anesthesia. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2015. p. 1541-79.
  • 2. Bazzazi A, Hasanloei MA, Mahoori A, Gholamnejad M, Tarverdipour H. Correlation between arterial blood gas analysis and outcome in patients with severe head trauma. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2014;20(4):236-40. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2014.57089. [PubMed: 25135016].
  • 3. Singh V, Khatana S, Gupta P. Blood gas analysis for bedside diagnosis. Natl J Maxillofac Surg. 2013;4(2):136-41. doi: 10.4103/0975-5950.127641. [PubMed: 24665166]. [PubMed Central: PMC3961885].
  • 4. Kaynar AM. Arterial blood gas interpretation. In: Vincent JL, editor. Text book of critical care. Elsevier; 2017. p. 167-74.
  • 5. Severinghaus JW, Astrup P, Murray JF. Blood gas analysis and critical care medicine. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998;157(4 Pt 2):S114-22. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.157.4.nhlb1-9. [PubMed: 9563770].
  • 6. Severinghaus JW. First electrodes for blood PO2 and PCO2 determination. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004;97(5):1599-600. doi: 10.1152/classicessays.00021.2004. [PubMed: 15475549].
  • 7. Mortensen JD. Clinical sequelae from arterial needle puncture, cannulation, and incision. Circulation. 1967;35(6):1118-23. [PubMed: 6026202].
  • 8. Kelly AM, Kyle E, McAlpine R. Venous pCO(2) and pH can be used to screen for significant hypercarbia in emergency patients with acute respiratory disease. J Emerg Med. 2002;22(1):15-9. [PubMed: 11809551].
  • 9. Bilan N, Behbahan AG, Khosroshahi AJ. Validity of venous blood gas analysis for diagnosis of acid-base imbalance in children admitted to pediatric intensive care unit. World J Pediatr. 2008;4(2):114-7. doi: 10.1007/s12519-008-0022-x. [PubMed: 18661766].
  • 10. Razi E, Moosavi GA. Comparison of arterial and venous blood gases analysis in patients with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Saudi Med J. 2007;28(6):862-5. [PubMed: 17530100].
  • 11. McCanny P, Bennett K, Staunton P, McMahon G. Venous vs arterial blood gases in the assessment of patients presenting with an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Emerg Med. 2012;30(6):896-900. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2011.06.011. [PubMed: 21908141].
  • 12. Byrne AL, Bennett M, Chatterji R, Symons R, Pace NL, Thomas PS. Peripheral venous and arterial blood gas analysis in adults: are they comparable? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Respirology. 2014;19(2):168-75. doi: 10.1111/resp.12225. [PubMed: 24383789].
  • 13. Gambino SR. Collection of Capillary Blood for Simultaneous Determinations of Arterial pH, CO2 Content, pCO2, And Oxygen Saturation. Am J Clin Pathol. 1961;35(2_ts):175-83. doi: 10.1093/ajcp/35.2_ts.175.
  • 14. Kim BR, Park SJ, Shin HS, Jung YS, Rim H. Correlation between peripheral venous and arterial blood gas measurements in patients admitted to the intensive care unit: A single-center study. Kidney Res Clin Pract. 2013;32(1):32-8. doi: 10.1016/j.krcp.2013.01.002. [PubMed: 26889435]. [PubMed Central: PMC4716110].
  • 15. Futier E, Robin E, Jabaudon M, Guerin R, Petit A, Bazin JE, et al. Central venous O(2) saturation and venous-to-arterial CO(2) difference as complementary tools for goal-directed therapy during high-risk surgery. Crit Care. 2010;14(5):R193. doi: 10.1186/cc9310. [PubMed: 21034476]. [PubMed Central: PMC3219300].
  • 16. Habicher M, von Heymann C, Spies CD, Wernecke KD, Sander M. Central Venous-Arterial pCO2 Difference Identifies Microcirculatory Hypoperfusion in Cardiac Surgical Patients With Normal Central Venous Oxygen Saturation: A Retrospective Analysis. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2015;29(3):646-55. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2014.09.006. [PubMed: 25575410].
  • 17. Kelly AM, McAlpine R, Kyle E. Agreement between bicarbonate measured on arterial and venous blood gases. Emerg Med Australas. 2004;16(5-6):407-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-6723.2004.00642.x. [PubMed: 15537402].
  • 18. Eizadi-Mood N, Moein N, Saghaei M. Evaluation of relationship between arterial and venous blood gas values in the patients with tricyclic antidepressant poisoning. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2005;43(5):357-60. [PubMed: 16235510].
  • 19. Yildizdas D, Yapicioglu H, Yilmaz HL, Sertdemir Y. Correlation of simultaneously obtained capillary, venous, and arterial blood gases of patients in a paediatric intensive care unit. Arch Dis Child. 2004;89(2):176-80. [PubMed: 14736638]. [PubMed Central: PMC1719810].
  • 20. Chu YC, Chen CZ, Lee CH, Chen CW, Chang HY, Hsiue TR. Prediction of arterial blood gas values from venous blood gas values in patients with acute respiratory failure receiving mechanical ventilation. J Formos Med Assoc. 2003;102(8):539-43. [PubMed: 14569318].
  • 21. Ak A, Ogun CO, Bayir A, Kayis SA, Koylu R. Prediction of arterial blood gas values from venous blood gas values in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2006;210(4):285-90. [PubMed: 17146193].
  • 22. Malinoski DJ, Todd SR, Slone S, Mullins RJ, Schreiber MA. Correlation of central venous and arterial blood gas measurements in mechanically ventilated trauma patients. Arch Surg. 2005;140(11):1122-5. [PubMed: 16342377].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments