Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Effect of Social Factors on Surgical Outcomes in Cervical Disc Disease

Bartosz Godlewski 1 , * , Magdalena Katarzyna Stachura 1 , Estera Twardowska-Staszek 2 , Ryszard Adam Czepko 1 and Ryszard Czepko 1 , 3
Authors Information
1 Department of Neurosurgery, Scanmed St. Raphael Hospital, Cracow, Poland
2 Faculty of Education, Jesuit Univeristy Ignatianum, Cracow, Poland
3 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Cracow University, Cracow, Poland
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: December 31, 2018, 8 (6); e84140
  • Published Online: November 19, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 10, 2018
  • Revised: October 28, 2018
  • Accepted: October 30, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.84140

To Cite: Godlewski B, Stachura M K, Twardowska-Staszek E, Czepko R A, Czepko R. Effect of Social Factors on Surgical Outcomes in Cervical Disc Disease, Anesth Pain Med. 2018 ; 8(6):e84140. doi: 10.5812/aapm.84140.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Godlewski B, Stachura MK, Czepko RA, Banach M, Czepko R. Analysis of changes in cervical spinal curvature and intervertebral disk space height following ACDF surgery in a group of 100 patients followed up for 12 months. J Clin Neurosci. 2018;52:92-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2018.04.005. [PubMed: 29656879].
  • 2. Hendriks EJ, Scholten-Peeters GG, van der Windt DA, Neeleman-van der Steen CW, Oostendorp RA, Verhagen AP. Prognostic factors for poor recovery in acute whiplash patients. Pain. 2005;114(3):408-16. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2005.01.006. [PubMed: 15777866].
  • 3. Sterling M, Jull G, Vicenzino B, Kenardy J, Darnell R. Physical and psychological factors predict outcome following whiplash injury. Pain. 2005;114(1-2):141-8. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2004.12.005. [PubMed: 15733639].
  • 4. Peolsson A, Vavruch L, Oberg B. Predictive factors for arm pain, neck pain, neck specific disability and health after anterior cervical decompression and fusion. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2006;148(2):167-73. doi: 10.1007/s00701-005-0660-x. [PubMed: 16341632].
  • 5. Peolsson A, Peolsson M. Predictive factors for long-term outcome of anterior cervical decompression and fusion: A multivariate data analysis. Eur Spine J. 2008;17(3):406-14. doi: 10.1007/s00586-007-0560-2. [PubMed: 18084782]. [PubMed Central: PMC2270379].
  • 6. Bhandari M, Louw D, Reddy K. Predictors of return to work after anterior cervical discectomy. J Spinal Disord. 1999;12(2):94-8. [PubMed: 10229520].
  • 7. Jodicke A, Daentzer D, Kastner S, Asamoto S, Boker DK. Risk factors for outcome and complications of dorsal foraminotomy in cervical disc herniation. Surg Neurol. 2003;60(2):124-9. discussion 129-30. doi: 10.1016/s0090-3019(03)00267-2. [PubMed: 12900115].
  • 8. Bigos SJ, Spengler DM, Martin NA, Zeh J, Fisher L, Nachemson A. Back injuries in industry: A retrospective study. III. Employee-related factors. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1986;11(3):252-6. [PubMed: 2940709].
  • 9. Franklin GM, Haug J, Heyer NJ, McKeefrey SP, Picciano JF. Outcome of lumbar fusion in Washington State workers' compensation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994;19(17):1897-903. discussion 1904. doi: 10.1097/00007632-199409000-00005. [PubMed: 7997921].
  • 10. Greenough CG, Fraser RD. The effects of compensation on recovery from low-back injury. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1989;14(9):947-55. [PubMed: 2528824].
  • 11. Greenwood J Jr, McGuire TH, Kimbell F. A study of the causes of failure in the herniated intervertebral disc operation: An analysis of sixty-seven reoperated cases. J Neurosurg. 1952;9(1):15-20. doi: 10.3171/jns.1952.9.1.0015. [PubMed: 14908634].
  • 12. Junge A, Dvorak J, Ahrens S. Predictors of bad and good outcomes of lumbar disc surgery. A prospective clinical study with recommendations for screening to avoid bad outcomes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995;20(4):460-8. [PubMed: 7747230].
  • 13. Young JN, Shaffrey CI, Laws ER Jr, Lovell LR. Lumbar disc surgery in a fixed compensation population: A model for influence of secondary gain on surgical outcome. Surg Neurol. 1997;48(6):552-8. discussion 558-9. [PubMed: 9400635].
  • 14. Goldberg EJ, Singh K, Van U, Garretson R, An HS. Comparing outcomes of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion in workman's versus non-workman's compensation population. Spine J. 2002;2(6):408-14. [PubMed: 14589262].
  • 15. Bohlman HH, Emery SE, Goodfellow DB, Jones PK. Robinson anterior cervical discectomy and arthrodesis for cervical radiculopathy. Long-term follow-up of one hundred and twenty-two patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1993;75(9):1298-307. [PubMed: 8408151].
  • 16. Brodke DS, Zdeblick TA. Modified Smith-Robinson procedure for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992;17(10 Suppl):S427-30. [PubMed: 1440038].
  • 17. White AA, Southwick WO, Deponte RJ, Gainor JW, Hardy R. Relief of pain by anterior cervical-spine fusion for spondylosis. A report of sixty-five patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1973;55(3):525-34. doi: 10.2106/00004623-197355030-00008. [PubMed: 4703205].
  • 18. Davis RA. A long-term outcome study of 170 surgically treated patients with compressive cervical radiculopathy. Surg Neurol. 1996;46(6):523-30. discussion 530-3. [PubMed: 8956883].
  • 19. Anderson PA, Subach BR, Riew KD. Predictors of outcome after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: A multivariate analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34(2):161-6. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31819286ea. [PubMed: 19139666].
  • 20. Peolsson A, Hedlund R, Vavruch L, Oberg B. Predictive factors for the outcome of anterior cervical decompression and fusion. Eur Spine J. 2003;12(3):274-80. doi: 10.1007/s00586-003-0530-2. [PubMed: 12687444]. [PubMed Central: PMC3615504].
  • 21. Shiban E, Gapon K, Wostrack M, Meyer B, Lehmberg J. Clinical and radiological outcome after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with stand-alone empty polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2016;158(2):349-55. doi: 10.1007/s00701-015-2630-2. [PubMed: 26620448].
  • 22. Chagas H, Domingues F, Aversa A, Vidal Fonseca AL, de Souza JM. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy: 10 years of prospective outcome analysis of anterior decompression and fusion. Surg Neurol. 2005;64 Suppl 1:S1:30-5. discussion S1:35-6. doi: 10.1016/j.surneu.2005.02.016. [PubMed: 15967227].
  • 23. Fujiwara K, Yonenobu K, Ebara S, Yamashita K, Ono K. The prognosis of surgery for cervical compression myelopathy. An analysis of the factors involved. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1989;71(3):393-8. [PubMed: 2722928].
  • 24. Naderi S, Ozgen S, Pamir MN, Ozek MM, Erzen C. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy: Surgical results and factors affecting prognosis. Neurosurgery. 1998;43(1):43-9. discussion 49-50. [PubMed: 9657187].
  • 25. Hermansen A, Hedlund R, Vavruch L, Peolsson A. Positive predictive factors and subgroup analysis of clinically relevant improvement after anterior cervical decompression and fusion for cervical disc disease: A 10- to 13-year follow-up of a prospective randomized study: Clinical article. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013;19(4):403-11. doi: 10.3171/2013.7.SPINE12843. [PubMed: 23909550].
  • 26. Peolsson A, Almkvist C, Dahlberg C, Lindqvist S, Pettersson S. Age-and sex-specific reference values of a test of neck muscle endurance. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2007;30(3):171-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2007.01.008. [PubMed: 17416270].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments