Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Musculoskeletal Disorders a Universal Source of Pain and Disability Misunderstood and Mismanaged: A Critical Analysis Based on the U.S. Model of Care

Khalid M Malik 1 , * , Rena Beckerly 1 and Farnad Imani 2
Authors Information
1 University of Illinois, Chicago, United States
2 Pain Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine: December 31, 2018, 8 (6); e85532
  • Published Online: December 15, 2018
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: October 19, 2018
  • Revised: November 13, 2018
  • Accepted: November 22, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/aapm.85532

To Cite: Malik K M, Beckerly R, Imani F. Musculoskeletal Disorders a Universal Source of Pain and Disability Misunderstood and Mismanaged: A Critical Analysis Based on the U.S. Model of Care, Anesth Pain Med. 2018 ; 8(6):e85532. doi: 10.5812/aapm.85532.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Context
2. Prevalence, Disability and Costs of MSKDs
3. Current Care of Patients with MSKDs
4. Recommendations for Improvement
5. Conclusions
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